设为首页 | 加入收藏


  Languages
  世界著名油画作品欣赏(1)

世界著名油画作品欣赏(1)

维米尔(Vermeer,Jan 1632~1675)简介:荷兰画家。1632年10月31日生于代尔夫特,1675年12月葬于同地。曾任圣路加公会画师。现存作品共有36幅,分别藏于德累斯顿画廊、爱丁堡国立苏格兰陈列馆、海牙莫里斯皇家绘画陈列馆、卢浮宫博物馆。其中早期的作品多取材于宗教和神话,如《基督在马太和马利亚家中》、《狄安娜和她的女伴们》等。以后他改变题材,主要画风俗画,表现城市风景和市民的日常生活,画幅不大,却精心描绘,且特别讲究光、色和空间比例。代表作为《花边女工》、《读信的少女》、《代尔夫特风光》等。他的成就长期被人忽视,许多作品曾被当作是别人的所作,直到19世纪中叶才被重新重视,且名声越来越大,公认为是继伦勃朗、 F.哈尔斯以后在荷兰出现的又一位大画家。

17世纪荷兰著名画家维米尔(JanVermeer,1632 1675)毕生都是代夫特的居民,这位以一丝不苟的写实主义风俗画著称于世的画家在荷兰的地位仅次于伦勃朗。

他总共创作了35至40件作品,其中大部分都已被世界各地的大博物馆所收藏。但他在世时声名不著,只是靠艺术品买卖维持着平凡的生活。由于家里孩子众多(他跟妻子生了15个孩子),维米尔从不在家里作画,而是跟一家酒厂租了一处画室,在那里进行创作。


 

名称: 耳环的小女孩 ;艺术家: 维米尔

《戴珍珠耳环的少女》是十七世纪荷兰黄金时代绘画大师杨·维梅尔(Jan Vermeer)的重要成就,这张画以神秘的黑暗为背景,衬托少女侧身回眸、欲言又止、似笑还嗔的情貌。

此画面世三百多年来,世人都为画中女子惊叹不已:那柔和的衣服线条、耳环的明暗变化,尤其是女子侧身回首、欲言又止、似笑还嗔的回眸,画中女子的真实身份,也是一个千古遗谜。。。。


编号: 10002;名称: The Lacemaker ;艺术家: 维米尔

1669-70帆布油画转移到23.9×20.5厘米巴黎卢浮宫

巴黎卢浮宫的Lacemaker是另一个小规模的画,几乎令人印象深刻的木框相形见绌。在维米尔的作品更沉思的数字不同,这里的主题是非常积极的,强烈的物理活动的重点。相对于全数字组成,家具和衣纹的行为,以促进或转移观众的视觉进入,Lacemaker带来的主题大大前景。因此,观众被绘制成一个强大的情感投入工作。虽然成分是很浅的,也有外地的观众吸引到画布的不同深度。最靠近眼睛的形式是消沉,鼓励观众传递更清楚地定义middleground。的亲密关系是由小规模,个人的标的物,天然成分突出。与她的作品总lacemaker的当务之急是表示通过她的密闭构成。使用黄色,一个动态的,在心理上强烈的色调,强化了激烈的努力的看法。对比的形式为动画图像。例如,她的发型表示她的本质 - 严格限制,在她的左肩后面的松散细环,有节奏地流动。另一种强烈的反差之间存在着紧密绘制线程,她和流畅的红色和白色的前台线程。她的工作要求的精度和清晰的视野是表示光,照亮她的额头和手指的口音。前景中的物体,特别是线程扩散眼效果,肯定是来自暗箱形象。维米尔使用,建议加重的现实,直接影响绘画的暗箱组成的非正式的密切取景。当代荷兰绘画描绘成一个家庭美德寓言勤奋,虽然纳入祈祷书自付效忠这一主题,这是次要的关注的工艺品lacemaking的描绘,在最高意义上的,创造性的行为本身再次,维梅尔成功地在一个短暂的图像转化成一个永恒的真理。- 马克·哈登

c. 1669-70; Oil on canvas transferred to panel, 23.9 x 20.5 cm; Musée du Louvre, Paris The Lacemaker is another small scale painting, nearly dwarfed by its impressive wooden frame. Unlike the more contemplative figures in Vermeer's work, the subject here is very active, intensely focused on a physical activity. As opposed to the full-figure compositions, where furniture and drapery act to facilitate or deflect the viewer's visual entry, The Lacemaker brings the subject dramatically to the foreground. As a result, the viewer is drawn into a powerful emotional engagement with the work. Although the composition is quite shallow, there are different depths of field that draw the viewer into the canvas. The forms nearest the eye are unfocused, which encourages the viewer to pass on to the more distinctly defined middleground. The intimacy is accentuated by the small scale, personal subject matter, and natural composition. The lacemaker's total preoccupation with her work is indicated through her confined pose. The use of yellow, a dynamic, psychologically strong hue, reinforces the perception of intense effort. Contrasts of form serve to animate the image. For example, her hairstyle expresses her essential nature - both tightly constrained and, in the loose ringlet behind her left shoulder, rhythmically flowing. Another strong contrast exists between the tightly drawn threads she holds and the smoothly flowing red and white threads in the foreground. The precision and clearness of vision demanded by her work is expressed in the light accents that illuminate her forehead and fingers. The diffused ocular effect of the foreground objects, especially the threads, was definitely derived from a camera obscura image. Vermeer used the informal, close framing of the composition suggested by the camera obscura to accentuate the realistic, immediate impact of the painting. Contemporary Dutch painting portrayed industriousness as an allegory of domestic virtue, While the inclusion of the prayer book pays fealty to this theme, it is a secondary concern to the depiction of the handicraft of lacemaking, and, in the highest sense, the creative act itself. Once again, Vermeer succeeded in transforming a transitory image into one of eternal truth. -- Mark Harden

更多的著名油画作品欣赏

上一篇:家居装饰油画购买注意事项 下一篇:世界著名油画作品欣赏(2)